Islamic Art

The rules of Andalusian Islamic art are the principles and characteristics that define the style of art and architecture that developed in the Muslim-ruled areas of the Iberian Peninsula from the 8th to the 15th century.
Andalusian Islamic art is influenced by various cultures and civilizations, such as the Umayyad, Abbasid, Byzantine, Persian, North African, and Christian. It is also inspired by the natural environment and the religious beliefs of Islam.
Some of the common features and elements of Andalusian Islamic art are:
  • Geometric patterns: These are complex and harmonious designs that cover the surfaces of buildings and objects. They are based on mathematical concepts such as symmetry, repetition, rotation, reflection, and tessellation. They symbolize the unity and order of the cosmos and the infinite nature of God.


  • Calligraphy: This is the art of writing Arabic script in a beautiful and artistic way. It is used to write the Quran and other religious texts, as well as to decorate buildings and objects with verses, prayers, poems, names, titles, and phrases. It adds meaning and elegance to the art.


  • Color: Color is very important in creating mood and atmosphere in art. It also reflects the natural environment and cultural influences of al-Andalus. The most common colors used in Andalusian Islamic art are blue, green, yellow, red, white, black, gold, and silver. Each color has a symbolic meaning and a visual effect.
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